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Since these materials are relatively clean and bio- degradable, disposal in landfills may be unnecessary and wastes space. In addition, as yard wastes decompose in landfills, they generate methane gas and acidic leachate. Methane is a colorless, explosive greenhouse gas that is released as bacteria decompose organic materials in landfills. If methane is not controlled at a landfill, it can seep underground and into nearby buildings, where it has the potential to ex- plode. Yard wastes also contribute acidity that can make other waste constituents more mobile and therefore more toxic. - EPA
Composting is a natural process that decom- poses yard waste into a rich humus. This humus returns usable “plant friendly” organic matter & nutrients to the soil.
Compost improves the water holding capacity, drainage, and workability of existing soils.
Composting involves micro-organisms, earthworms, small insects, and small soil organisms which eat (decompose) organic yard waste.
The composting process requires carbon, nitrogen, water and oxygen to effectively work. (Organisms which break down raw materials need carbon for energy and nitrogen for protein and other nutrients.)
Also, Do Not Compost any of the following kitchen wastes: meats, bones, dairy products, salad dressing, cooking oil, peanut butter, grease, and charcoal ashes. These items attract rodents and flies.
Note: If you have too much yard waste to effectively compost, take the excess to the Salt Lake Valley Landfill Compost Facility!
Cause: Not enough air
Solution:Turn the compost weekly
Cause: Too much water
Solution: Add dry grass or straw & turn the compost weekly
Cause: Not enough Nitrogen
Solution: Add grass clippings or Nitrogen
Cause: Not enough water
Solution: Add grass clippings or Nitrogen based fertilizer & turn compost weekly
Cause: Too much Nitrogen
Solution: Add dry leaves, straw or sawdust & turn the compost weekly
Cause: Poor ventilation
Solution: Turn the pile
Cause: Pile too small
Solution: Make pile bigger or insulate the sides
For Additional Information call the
Salt Lake County Recycling Office: 385-468-6370