Linaria vulgaris - Scrophulariaceae Family - Creeping perennial
Prevention (Prev) Monitor and destroy new plants before seed production.
Mechanical (Mech) Hand pulling, digging, cutting, mowing and tilling.
Cultural (Cult) Biological control agents, livestock grazing, and revegetation practices.
Chemical (Chem) Selective herbicides based on the plant and the specific location. Check our weed fact sheets for specific control information.
Yellow toadflax in bloom
Yellow toadflax foliage, looking straight down on the plant
Yellow toadflax: roots
Yellow toadflax: infestation
Yellow toadflax: flowers
Yellow toadflax: seeds
Yellow toadflax: stems, foliage, flowers, and roots
(2014, December). Biology and management
of the toadflaxes [PDF file]. Retrieved from https://extension.colostate.edu/docs/pubs/natres/03114.pdf
J.M., G.B. Kyser et al. (2013). Weed
Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States [PDF file]. Weed
Research and Information Center, University of California. Retrieved from https://wric.ucdavis.edu/information/natural%20areas/wr_L/Linaria_vulgaris.pdf
& Sing, S. (2006, November). Ecology
and management of yellow toadflax [PDF file]. Retrieved from https://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_other/rmrs_2006_jacobs_j001.pdf
Mountain Biological Laboratory. Yellow
toadflax. Retrieved from http://www.rmbl.org/yellow-toadflax/
States Department of Agriculture. (2014, September). Field Guide for Managing Dalmation and Yellow Toadflaxes in the
Southwest [PDF file]. Retrieved from https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5410111.pdf